Instructional approaches ppt

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instructional approaches ppt

URL: Copy. Presentation Description No description available. By: banoy07 month s ago. I loved math and really thought I knew and understood math. But my math teacher sent me home crying everyday because she marked my homework and test wrong since I used to get my positive and negative signs wrong. I knew how to do the problems, but I always got my answers with wrong sign. But can we afford to let such kind of teachers? They affect the way our learners feel about math? Such should start as early as in the elementary grades.

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Furthermore, the use of varied and appropriate teaching approaches can entice more learners to like and love math. This is an effective approach for helping learners to understand concepts and generalizations and for developing their higher-order thinking skills. Both the teacher and the learner play active roles in discovery learning depending upon on the role that the teacher plays, this can range from guided discovery needs strict supervision to free or pure discovery very little supervision needed B.

instructional approaches ppt

Such problem provides the focus which lead to the formulation of the hypothesis by the learners. This approach is more effective if used after a lesson has been presented through discovery.

The children work in an informal manner, move around, discuss and choose their materials and method of attacking a problem, assignment or task.

Activities can be done in the garden, in the yard, in the field, in the school grounds, or anywhere as long as the safety of the learners is assured. Individualizing instruction does not imply that every pupil in the class must be involved in an activity separates and distinct from that of every other child. For example: In a class of learners, a group of five to seven learners can be allowed to play a game carefully selected for the purpose of helping them to strengthen a particular skill.

In another corner, a small group of learners may be given problem situations to be solved using geoboards. Another group may be motivated to tackle activity cards on computational skills.

It is an excellent strategy for stimulating creativity among learners. Both the teacher and the learners play an active role in brainstorming. Although there may be many variations, brainstorming usually occurs in 4 phases: 1 problem identification, 2 idea generation, 3 idea evaluation, and 4 solution implementation and evaluation.Instructional strategies include all approaches that a teacher may take to engage students in the learning process actively.

These strategies drive a teacher's instruction as they work to meet specific learning objectives and ensure that their students are equipped with the tools they need to be successful.

Effective instructional strategies meet all learning styles and the developmental needs of all learners. Teachers must be equipped with a well-rounded arsenal of effective instructional strategies to maximize their effectiveness and to increase student learning opportunities. Teachers are best served when they utilize a variety of instructional strategies as opposed to one or two.

Variety ensures that students are never bored. It also ensures that students will likely be exposed to strategies that align with their preferred individualized learning style.

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Students will enjoy being taught with a variety of instructional strategies and are likely to stay engaged longer. Ultimately, a teacher should align the instructional strategies they are using with the students they are serving and the content they are teaching.

Not every instructional strategy will be the perfect fit for every situation, so teachers must become adept at evaluating which strategy will be the best fit.

Popular instructional strategies include cloze reading, cooperative learning, hands-on learning activities, scaffoldinggroup instruction, self-assessment, thematic instruction, and word walls.

New instructional strategies are being developed and implemented in classrooms on an almost daily basis. Instructional strategies can also be completely customized, meaning that they can be tweaked and configured to fit any situation. Two teachers can be using the same instructional strategy completely differently based on their own individual preferences and needs. Teachers should put their own creative spin on these instructional strategies to make them their own.

Share Flipboard Email. Derrick Meador. Education Expert. Derrick Meador, M. He previously served as a school principal and middle school science teacher. Instructional strategies provide a delivery mechanism for presenting great content. Instructional strategies are the how, and content is the what. In many cases, how you present the content is more important than what you present.

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Students latch onto content that is packaged in an interesting and engaging way.After you enable Flash, refresh this page and the presentation should play. Get the plugin now. Toggle navigation. Help Preferences Sign up Log in. To view this presentation, you'll need to allow Flash. Click to allow Flash After you enable Flash, refresh this page and the presentation should play.

View by Category Toggle navigation. Products Sold on our sister site CrystalGraphics. Tags: approach constructivism teaching as centered jean ladders mature person piaget the theory turns video world. Latest Highest Rated. Students are actively engaged in a variety of meaningful problem-solving activities with real-world applications. Students construct knowledge and meaning from active physical and mental activity. Popcorn read aloud 5 Constructivism Student-centered instruction. Teacher serves as a facilitator.

Guide on the side rather than the sage on the stage. Adults and other more competent individuals provide some form of guidance or structure that enables children to perform tasks that are in their zone of proximal development. The teacher provides ladders that lead to higher understanding, yet the students must climb these ladders. As the building stability, the scaffold becomes less necessary and so is gradually removed 8 Constructivism Students have an active role in their own learning.

Jean Piagets theory of cognitive development children are active and motivated learners. John Deweys theory of learning by doing. Developed a systematic method of discovering truth by combining questioning and logical reasoning.

instructional approaches ppt

Students continuously organize, structure, and restructure experiences in relation to existing schemas of thought. The year old may have to revise her existing scheme of fashion according to changes in whats hot and whats not.Online Teaching Initiative by Dr. Learning Objectives : Learning Objectives After attending this session students will be able to: Understand Teaching Understand Various Teaching methods Understand learning pyramid using various teaching technique Select proper teaching method Orient about qualities of a good teacher Orient about qualities of a good trainer Topic: Effective Teaching and Instructional Techniques Course : Teacher Training Module: Effective Teaching and Instructional Techniques Slide no.

Choosing teaching Method : Choosing teaching Method Is the method suitable for the objectives? Does the method require more background knowledge or skills than the participants possess? How much time does it take to prepare and then to use it in the learning session? How much space does the learning session take? Is that kind of space available at the venue of learning sessions? Is the method appropriate for the size of the learning group?

What kind of teaching materials does it require? Are those materials available? Does the method require special skills to use? Effective Teaching and Instructional Techniques Slide no. What makes a good teacher? Material Body — minute segments.

NEW Fuller Approach in Reading Instructional Material

Periodic Summary — after each minute segment. Conclusion — End with a bang, reconnect to main points ,connect to upcoming materials. Best Practices - Demonstration and Practice : Best Practices - Demonstration and Practice Tell the trainees what you are going to show them Demonstration of the tasks and steps Check that trainees understand what you need them to do.

Effective Instruction : Effective Instruction How do people learn? How do I deliver effective training? Plan for training Session Structure a training session Use appropriate training methods Use training resources effectively Practice good presentation skills Course : Teacher training Module: Becoming Better Teacher 1 Slide no. Description Effective Teaching and Instructional Technique helpful in effective learning and effective training.After you enable Flash, refresh this page and the presentation should play.

Get the plugin now. Toggle navigation. Help Preferences Sign up Log in. To view this presentation, you'll need to allow Flash.

instructional approaches ppt

Click to allow Flash After you enable Flash, refresh this page and the presentation should play. View by Category Toggle navigation. Products Sold on our sister site CrystalGraphics.

Instructional Design Models and Theories

Title: Instructional Design. Description: Instructional Design Definition Instructional Design Maximise the effectiveness, efficiency and appeal of instruction and other learning experiences. Tags: carey design dick instruction instructional model systematic. Latest Highest Rated. To Enthuse Students 6 Reasons 1. To Enthuse Students How? Put yourself in their shoes, Consider, if youve taught the topic for years Consider, if new to you to do To give students the info they need 8 Reasons 2.

To give students the info they need How? Handouts can give 10 times more material, but must mix info with other materials Make sure handout has lots of free space 9 Reasons 3. To cover the syllabus 10 Reasons 3. To cover the syllabus How? In a meaningfully manner. Give the students time to reflect and revise.

So stop teaching for the last 3 weeks and get students to reflect and revise.To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Different Approaches and Methods. Albert San Jose. Makes use of exploratory strategies. Aimed at generating Approach 1. Makes use of expository knowledge for experience. Aimed at mastery of 3. Learner- centered. Students search for 3. Teacher oriented.

Learner- controlled. Teacher- controlled 6. Flexibility organized. Highly structured. Experienced- oriented. Content oriented. Learner is active in 8. Learner is passive, receives search of information. Features: When to use: 1. Allows to clear 1. To test a rule. Answer questions or problems with generalizations, rules, the reference to certain rules or formulas, etc. Allows further 3. To further development development of generalization.

Verification - Trying out to the e best generalization, t rule or principle S 3.

Effective Teaching and Instructional Techniques

Statement of the on that fits Generalization the problem. Statement of the Problem. Concept Attainment - Focuses on teaching pupils the concepts that the teacher has selected for study and follows these steps: 1. Introduce the concept by name. Present examples. Introduce non-examples.

Present a mixture of examples and non-examples and ask questions which are the correct examples. Ask pupils to define the concept.As quoted and adopted from: Saskatchewan Education. Planning a unit or lesson involves a number of instructional decisions.

The teacher must identify the following: the content and processes to be addressed, the strengths, needs, and interests of students, the Common Essential Learnings that could be incorporated, and the most effective instructional approaches.

Such decisions are critical and must be made consciously and purposefully. As Glickman states: "Effective teaching is not a set of generic practices, but instead is a set of context-driven decisions about teaching. Effective teachers do not use the same set of practices for every lesson. Instead, what effective teachers do is constantly reflect about their work, observe whether students are learning or not, and, then adjust their practice accordingly p.

Because there are so many variables for teachers to consider when making decisions about teaching and learning, it is essential that they have a conceptual base for understanding Saskatchewan's Core Curriculum and a framework for understanding the levels associated with instructional decision making.

This chapter deals first with the conceptual base and instructional framework, then goes on to define instructional models, strategies, methods, and skills. The instructional approaches identified in the document are flexible enough to incorporate the Common Essential Learnings and to accommodate individual student needs, abilities, interests, and strengths through the Adaptive Dimension.

The following discussion focuses specifically upon the instructional portion of the Conceptual Base. The Instructional Framework Figure 2, the Instructional Framework, identifies and illustrates the interrelationship among instructional approaches that, properly used, are acknowledged to be consistent with sound educational practice. The approaches are referenced to the goals of education and apply to the objectives of the various curricula.

Figure 2 also illustrates the levels of approaches in instruction ranging from an instructional model, a broad approach, to an instructional skill, which represents a specific teaching behavior or technique. Within each level the potential exists for developing both the science and the art of teaching. Defining the Instructional Framework The following definition of terms will help to interpret the framework and to clarify the relationships between and among the levels.

Instructional Models Models represent the broadest level of instructional practices and present a philosophical orientation to instruction. Models are used to select and to structure teaching strategies, methods, skills, and student activities for a particular instructional emphasis.

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Joyce and Weil identify four models: information processing, behavioral, social interaction, and personal. Instructional Strategies Within each model several strategies can be used. Strategies determine the approach a teacher may take to achieve learning objectives.

Strategies can be classed as direct, indirect, interactive, experiential, or independent. Instructional Methods Methods are used by teachers to create learning environments and to specify the nature of the activity in which the teacher and learner will be involved during the lesson.

While particular methods are often associated with certain strategies, some methods may be found within a variety of strategies.

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Instructional Skills Skills are the most specific instructional behaviors. These include such techniques as questioning, discussing, direction-giving, explaining, and demonstrating. They also include such actions as planning, structuring, focusing, and managing.

Figure 3 illustrates the relationship among instructional models, strategies, methods, and skills. The Instructional Framework is intended to encourage teachers to examine their own instructional practice.